A Closer Look at the CO2 Regulator, as it relates to the Planted Aquarium

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is fundamental to the function and success of the planted aquarium. Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms bonded to a single carbon atom (O=C=O). During photosynthesis, terrestrial and aquatic plants use carbon dioxide and water, removed from the atmosphere and combined with light energy to produce oxygen and sugars. Free oxygen is released as a gas from the decomposition of water molecules (H2O), while the hydrogen is used to generate chemical energy required for the formation of sugars, or glucose. These sugars may then…

The CAL AQUA “Oracle” and “Double-Check” – two exceptional drop checkers

With all of the advancements in drop checkers these days, it is becoming evident that not all drop checkers are created equally.  CAL AQUA LABS has taken the concept of the drop checker and expanded upon it to create the innovative “Oracle” and “Double Check” Drop Checkers.  These drop checkers are designed to meet and exceed the highest standards of quality in CO2 glassware, while enhancing the ease of use.  It is this ease of use that makes these two drop checkers exceptional. The CAL AQUA “Oracle” Drop Checker Unique to…

The Drop Checker – How to & the Science behind it

1. Preparation of Indicator Solution: The correct indicator solution is a combination of KH Standard / 4 degree KH (4 dKH) and pH indicator (Bromothymol Blue). With drop checker in hand, turn upside down and fill the reservoir of the drop checker approximately half full (or to level manufacturer recommends) with 4 dKH.  A syringe is an ideal tool to use for this.  Then, add approximately 2 – 4 drops of pH indicator (Bromothymol Blue) until a strong, TRANSPARENT blue color is achieved. The Science: pH and pH Indicator –…